Cairo (Illinois)

Cairo
Cairo (Illinois)
Administration
PaysDrapeau des États-Unis États-Unis
ÉtatDrapeau de l'Illinois Illinois
ComtéAlexander
Type de localitéCity
MaireJudson Childs
Code ZIP62914
Démographie
Population3 632 hab. (2000)
Densité154 hab./km2
Géographie
Coordonnées37° 00′ 47″ nord, 89° 10′ 49″ ouest
Altitude96 m
Superficie2 360 ha = 23,6 km2
· dont terre18,2 km2 (77,12 %)
· dont eau5,4 km2 (22,88 %)
Fuseau horaireCST (UTC-6)
Divers
Fondation1818
Municipalité depuis1858
Localisation
Géolocalisation sur la carte : États-Unis
City locator 14.svg
Cairo
Géolocalisation sur la carte : États-Unis
Voir sur la carte administrative des États-Unis
City locator 14.svg
Cairo
Géolocalisation sur la carte : Illinois
Voir sur la carte topographique de l'Illinois
City locator 14.svg
Cairo
Liens
Site webwww.ci.quincy.il.us

Cairo (en anglais [ˈkeɪɹoʊ]) est une ville américaine située dans le comté d’Alexander, dans le sud de l’Illinois. Elle se trouve sur un site de confluence entre le Mississippi et l’Ohio. Cairo est le siège du comté d’Alexander.

Démographie

Historique des recensements
Ann.Pop. 
1850242
18602 188 +804,13 %
18706 267 +186,43 %
18809 011 +43,78 %
189010 324 +14,57 %
190012 566 +21,72 %
191014 548 +15,77 %
192015 203 +4,5 %
193013 532 −10,99 %
194014 407 +6,47 %
195012 123 −15,85 %
19609 348 −22,89 %
19706 277 −32,85 %
19805 931 −5,51 %
19904 846 −18,29 %
20003 632 −25,05 %
20102 831 −22,05 %
Est. 20162 359 −16,67 %

Transports

Cairo possède un aéroport (code AITA : CIR).

Dans la culture populaire

  • Cairo est mentionné à plusieurs reprises dans la saison 2 de American Gods.
  • Le musicien de blues Henry Townsend a consacré à la ville une chanson intitulée "Cairo Blues"[1].

Source

Liens externes

Médias utilisés sur cette page

CairoIL from space annotated.jpg

Astronaut photo of the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers at Cairo, Illinois.


International Space Station InsigniaISS Crew Earth Observations: ISS012-E-15035International Space Station Insignia
Identification
Mission ISS012 (Expedition 12)
Roll E
Frame 15035
Country or Geographic Name USA-ILLINOIS
Features CAIRO, MISSISSIPPI R., OHIO R.
Center Point Latitude 37.0° N
Center Point Longitude -89.2° E
Camera
Camera Tilt 17°
Camera Focal Length 400 mm
Camera Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Quality
Percentage of Cloud Cover 0-10%
Nadir What is Nadir?
Date 2006-01-12
Time 18:38:03
Nadir Point Latitude 37.2° N
Nadir Point Longitude -88.3° E
Nadir to Photo Center Direction West
Sun Azimuth 190°
Spacecraft Altitude 185 nautical miles (343 km)
Sun Elevation Angle 31°
Orbit Number 867
Original image caption
The Ohio River becomes a tributary of the Mississippi River directly south of Cairo, Illinois, a small city on the spit of land where the rivers converge (at center of this astronaut photograph). Brown, sediment-laden water flowing generally northeast to south from the Ohio River is distinct from the green and relatively sediment-poor water of the Mississippi River (flowing northwest to south). The color of the rivers in this image is reversed from the usual condition of a green Ohio and a brown Mississippi. This suggests that the very high rainfall in December 2005 over the Appalachians and the northeastern United States has led to greater-than-normal amounts of sediment in the rivers and streams of the Ohio River watershed. The distinct boundary between the two river’s waters indicates that little to no mixing occurs even 5-6 kilometers (3-4 miles) downstream.


Cairo became a prosperous port following the Civil War due to increased riverboat and railroad commerce. Small features visible in the image on the Ohio are river barges, which indicate the continued importance of Cairo as a transport hub. Flooding of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers presents a continual danger to the city; this danger is lessened by the Birds Point-New Madrid Floodway that begins directly to the south of the river confluence. During major flood events, the floodway lessens flood stages upstream (such as at Cairo) and adjacent to the floodway. Part of the extensive levee system associated with flood control of the Mississippi River is visible in the image. Barlow Bottoms (image right), located in adjacent Kentucky, is a wetland bird-watching location that is replenished by periodic floods and releases of Ohio River water.

Usa edcp (+HI +AL) relief location map.png
Auteur/Créateur: TUBSEmail Silk.svg Gallery, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Location map of the USA (Hawaii and Alaska shown in sidemaps).

Main map: EquiDistantConicProjection : Central parallel :

* N: 37.0° N

Central meridian :

* E: 96.0° W

Standard parallels:

* 1: 32.0° N
* 2: 42.0° N

Made with Natural Earth. Free vector and raster map data @ naturalearthdata.com.

Formulas for x and y:

x = 50.0 + 124.03149777329222 * ((1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180))
      * sin(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
y = 50.0 + 1.6155950752393982 * 124.03149777329222 * 0.02613325650382181
      - 1.6155950752393982  * 124.03149777329222 *
     (1.3236744353715044  - (1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180)) 
      * cos(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))

Hawaii side map: Equirectangular projection, N/S stretching 107 %. Geographic limits of the map:

  • N: 22.4° N
  • S: 18.7° N
  • W: 160.7° W
  • E: 154.6° W

Alaska side map: Equirectangular projection, N/S stretching 210.0 %. Geographic limits of the map:

  • N: 72.0° N
  • S: 51.0° N
  • W: 172.0° E
  • E: 129.0° W
Usa edcp (+HI +AK) relief location map.png
Auteur/Créateur: TUBSEmail Silk.svg Gallery, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Location map of the USA (Hawaii and Alaska shown in sidemaps).

Main map: EquiDistantConicProjection : Central parallel :

* N: 37.0° N

Central meridian :

* E: 96.0° W

Standard parallels:

* 1: 32.0° N
* 2: 42.0° N

Made with Natural Earth. Free vector and raster map data @ naturalearthdata.com.

Formulas for x and y:

x = 50.0 + 124.03149777329222 * ((1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180))
      * sin(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
y = 50.0 + 1.6155950752393982 * 124.03149777329222 * 0.02613325650382181
      - 1.6155950752393982  * 124.03149777329222 *
     (1.3236744353715044  - (1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180)) 
      * cos(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))

Hawaii side map: Equirectangular projection, N/S stretching 107 %. Geographic limits of the map:

  • N: 22.4° N
  • S: 18.7° N
  • W: 160.7° W
  • E: 154.6° W

Alaska side map: Equirectangular projection, N/S stretching 210.0 %. Geographic limits of the map:

  • N: 72.0° N
  • S: 51.0° N
  • W: 172.0° E
  • E: 129.0° W
Usa edcp (+HI +AK) location map.svg
Auteur/Créateur: TUBSEmail Silk.svg Gallery, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Location map of the USA (Hawaii and Alaska shown in sidemaps).

Main map: EquiDistantConicProjection : Central parallel :

* N: 37.0° N

Central meridian :

* E: 96.0° W

Standard parallels:

* 1: 32.0° N
* 2: 42.0° N

Made with Natural Earth. Free vector and raster map data @ naturalearthdata.com.

Formulas for x and y:

x = 50.0 + 124.03149777329222 * ((1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180))
      * sin(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
y = 50.0 + 1.6155950752393982 * 124.03149777329222 * 0.02613325650382181
      - 1.6155950752393982  * 124.03149777329222 *
     (1.3236744353715044  - (1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180)) 
      * cos(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))

Hawaii side map: Equirectangular projection, N/S stretching 107 %. Geographic limits of the map:

  • N: 22.4° N
  • S: 18.7° N
  • W: 160.7° W
  • E: 154.6° W

Alaska side map: Equirectangular projection, N/S stretching 210.0 %. Geographic limits of the map:

  • N: 72.0° N
  • S: 51.0° N
  • W: 172.0° E
  • E: 129.0° W
USA Illinois relief location map.svg
Auteur/Créateur: SANtosito, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Relief location map of Illinois, USA

Geographic limits of the map:

  • N: 42.7° N
  • S: 36.8° N
  • W: 92.2° W
  • E: 86.4° W
Map of Illinois highlighting Alexander County.svg
This is a locator map showing Alexander County in Illinois. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.