Visite de Woodrow Wilson en Belgique

Le président américain Woodrow Wilson et le roi belge Albert Ier dans la gare d'Adinkerque le 18 juin 1919.

La visite de Woodrow Wilson en Belgique a eu lieu le 18 et , quelques mois après la signature de l'armistice de 1918 mettant fin à la Première Guerre mondiale. C'était la première visite d'un président américain en Belgique.

Wilson en Europe

Après la signature de l'armistice le , qui marque après quatre ans la fin de la Première Guerre mondiale, le président des États-Unis Woodrow Wilson se rend en Europe en pour d'assister aux négociations de paix à Paris. Il s'agit de la première visite en Europe d'un président américain.

Après avoir visité la France, le Royaume-Uni et l'Italie, Wilson visite la Belgique en , après la fin des négociations et en attendant la signature du traité de Versailles.

Déroulement de la visite

Venant de France, Wilson arrive en train en gare d'Adinkerque, la gare la plus à l'ouest de la Belgique, près de La Panne. Le président est accueilli par le roi Albert Ier, par la reine Élisabeth et par Brand Whitlock, l'ambassadeur américain en Belgique.

Woodrow Wilson, son épouse Edith Wilson, le roi Albert Ier et la reine Élisabeth de Belgique.

Le président Wilson et le roi Albert visitent d'abord le Westhoek, puis partent pour Bruxelles. Le cortège du président et du roi quitte Adinkerque et fait halte à Nieuport, Dixmude et Ypres, où les Halles aux draps ont été complètement détruites. Plus tard, le cortège traverse Menin, Roulers, Thourout et Ostende pour visiter finalement le port de Zeebruges.

Le soir du , Wilson arrive à Bruxelles en train et passe la nuit à l'hôtel Bellevue, près du palais royal de Bruxelles, sur la place des Palais.

Le lendemain , le président Wilson et le roi Albert rendent visite aux usines détruites et pillées par les Allemands à Marchienne-au-Pont, près de Charleroi. De nouveau à Bruxelles, vers midi, Wilson rencontre des Américains habitant en Belgique et prononce un discours au parlement. Puis Wilson, protestant, a une rencontre avec l'archevêque Désiré-Joseph Mercier à Malines. Le président visite ensuite finalement Louvain, où il reçoit un doctorat honoris causa au milieu des ruines de la bibliothèque universitaire, brûlée en 1914.

Le soir du , le président Wilson assiste à un banquet au Palais de Bruxelles avant de repartir pour Paris. Le traité de Versailles sera signé quelques jours plus tard. Le prochain président des États-Unis à visiter la Belgique sera Harry S. Truman, qui la traversera en 1945 pendant son voyage pour assister à la conférence de Potsdam.

Galerie

Source

Médias utilisés sur cette page

At the University of Louvain (4453862061).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 1790

Description: President and Mrs. Wilson pictured with King Albert and Queen Elizabeth of Belgium.

Photographer: Keystone View Co.

Source: Stereopticon

Size: 7x3.5

Medium: Print, Black and White

Date: 1919
Wilson's with the King and Queen of Belgium (4434860241).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 987

Description: President and Mrs. Wilson photographed with the King and Queen the Amusement Garden in Brussels.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 8x10, 7x6.75

Medium: Print, Bllack and White

Date: 06-19-1919
Harbor at Zeebrugge (4303779631).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 287

Description: President Wilson and Captain Carpenter, V.C. of the Vindictive Royal and Presidential Party on the mole at Zeebrugge's harbor in Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 1919
Ypres, Belgium Ruins (4303779815).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 279

Description: King and Queen of Belgium, President and Mrs. Wilson, and Presidential party visiting the battle-swept city of Ypres, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 1919
Nieuport, Belgium Battlefield (4321937549).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 293

Description: President Wilson and Mr. Brand Whitlock on the battlefield at Nieuport, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919
Picnic in Houthoulst, Belgium (4303780157).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 289

Description: King and Queen, President Wilson, Mrs. Wilson and Presidential party, pose for the camera after a basket lunch served in the midst of the battle swept stumps in the forest of Houthoulst, Belgium. Picture reading from left to right: Miss Edith Bonham, Queen Elizabeth, President Wilson, Mrs. Wilson, Miss Margaret Wilson, and King Albert.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919
Zeebrugge, Belgium (4304524886).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 283

Description: Miss Margaret Wilson; Mrs. Woodrow Wilson; Captain Evans, British port commander at Zeebrugges; President Wilson and Mr. Brand Whitlick. Picture taken at the Harbor of Zeebrugge, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919
Baruch and Grayson (4304525688).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 290

Description: Mr. Bernard M. Baruch, Head of the War Industries, and Dr. Cary T. Grayson, special aide and medical advisor to President Wilson at the King's Palace in Brussels, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-19-1919
Wilson and King Albert in Adinkerke, Belgium (4454745250).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 1801

Description: President Wilson and King Albert walk alongside the train in Adinkerke.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919
Wilson at Houthoulet, Belgium (4435634876).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 983

Description: President Wilson and King Albert passing over the battlefield near the Forest of Houthoulst.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 8x10

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919
Ypres Belgium Ruins (4304498500).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 279

Description: King and Queen of Belgium, President and Mrs. Wilson, and Presidential party visiting the battle-swept city of Ypres, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 1919
Brussels, Belgium (4322671554).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 296

Description: President Wilson and King Albert leaving after the President made a speech before the Belgian Chamber of Deputies.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 9x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-19-1919
Ruins of Ypres, Belgium (4434859675).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 984

Description: King and Queen of Belgium, President and Mrs. Wilson, and Presidential party visiting the battle-swept city of Ypres, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 8x10

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919
Ypres, Belgium Ruins (4304524706).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 281

Description: King and Queen of Belgium, President and Mrs. Wilson, and Presidential party visiting the battle-swept city of Ypres, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 1919
Harbor at Zeebrugge (4304524374).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 285

Description: President Wilson and Captain Carpenter, V.C. of the Vindictive Royal and Presidential Party on the mole at Zeebrugge's harbor in Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 1919
Cardinal Mercier (4304524512).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 282

Description: Picture taken at the time of President Wilson's visit, June 19, 1919 in Malines, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 1919
Nieuport, Belgium Battlefield (4321937459).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 292

Description: Mrs. Woodrow Wilson and Queen Elizabeth on the battlefield at Nieuport, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919
Wilson at Louvain, Belgium (4454752250).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 1846

Description: President and Mrs. Wilson, and the King and Queen of Belgium entering what was regarded by many as the world's finest library. It was destroyed by the Germans during WWI.

Photographer: Unknown

Source: Unknown

Size: 9x7

Medium: Print, Black and White

Date: 06-19-1919
Passing Through Belgium (4304525338).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 286

Description: President Wilson passing through the devestated agricultural districts of Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919
Ypres Belgium Ruins (4304498368).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 280

Description: King and Queen of Belgium, President and Mrs. Wilson, and Presidential party visiting the battle-swept city of Ypres, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 1919
Wilson at Marchinnes-au-Pont, Belgium (4434859855).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 985

Description: President Wilson at Marchinnes-au-Pont, near Charleroi, Belgium, where five blast furnaces were set up to replace some of those destroyed by the Germans.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919
Belgium Children in Zeebrugge (4304524830).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 284

Description: Belgium children line the streets of Zeebrugge, Belgium and shouts of "Vive Wilson Vive L'Amerigue" went up all along the line of reception.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 1919
Ypres Belgium Ruins (4304498214).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 278

Description: King and Queen of Belgium, President and Mrs. Wilson, and Presidential party visiting the battle-swept city of Ypres, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 1919
Marchinnes-au-Pont, Belgium (4322671392).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 295

Description: President Wilson at Marchinnes-au-Pont, near Charleroi, Belgium, where five blast furnaces were set up to replace some of those destroyed by the Germans.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919
Nieuport, Belgium Battlefield (4322671206).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 294

Description: Queen Elizabeth and President Wilson in the trenches at Nieuport, Belgium.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919
Adinkerke, Belgium Railway Station (4322670894).jpg
Auteur/Créateur: Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Archives from Staunton, VA, Licence: No restrictions

Local Accession Number: 291

Description: President Wilson and King Albert leaving the station at Adinkerke.

Photographer: U.S. Signal Corps

Source: Unknown

Size: 7x9

Medium: Print, Sepia

Date: 06-18-1919