Hidatsas

Pehriska-Ruhpa. Guerrier Mœnnitarri costumé pour la Danse du Chien., lithographie d'après Karl Bodmer, 1840-1843.

Les Hidatsas aussi appelés Gros Ventre du Missouri ou encore Minnetarees (ou Minnetaris) sont une tribu amérindienne originaire du Dakota du Nord. Ils étaient des alliés des Mandans, avec lesquels ils se groupèrent au sein de la Nation Mandan, Hidatsa et Arikara.

Culture

Les Hidatsas sont un peuple matrilinéaire.

Histoire

En 1800, un groupe de Hidatsas enlèvent Sacagawea et plusieurs autres filles lors d'une bataille qui a entraîné, pour les Shoshones, la mort de quatre hommes, quatre femmes et plusieurs garçons. Elle est captive dans un village hidatsa près de la présente Washburn, au Dakota du Nord (États-Unis).

Annexes

Bibliographie

  • (en) Alfred W. Bowers, Hidatsa social and ceremonial organization, Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, , 528 p. (ISBN 978-0-585-29929-7, OCLC 45728868, lire en ligne).

Médias utilisés sur cette page

Moenitarri warrior in the costume of the dog danse 0056v.jpg
The print made by Karl Bodmer shows an officer of the Old Dog age society of the Hidatsa named Pehriska-Rupe. He wears his dancing suit used during parades in the village. Pehriske-Rupe spent days i Fort Clark in March 1824 while Bodmer was painting him. He wears a headdress of magpie feathers, each tipped with a white down feather or a piece of weasel skin. An eagle plume and 12 feathers from an eagle tail is secured to the middle of the headdress. He has a red sash hanging down the back. He carries a flute of a wing bone in a string around his neck. His rattle is made of dewclows from a deer or a buffalo calf. His bow is only for show and is made of horn from the antler of an elk or from a mountain goat. He has a foxskin tied to his ankles.

Lowie, Robert H.: Societies of the Crow, Hidatsa and Mandan Indians. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History. Vol. XI, Part III. New York, 1913. Page 286 og 290 Part II of Maximilian, Prince of Wied's, Travels in the Interior of North America, 1832–1834. Early Western Travels 1748–1846. Volume XXIII. Cleveland, Ohio. The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1906.

Part III of Maximilian, Prince of Wied's, Travels in the Interior of North America, 1832–1834. Early Western Travels 1748–1846. Volume XXIV. Cleveland, Ohio. The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1906.